ἔραστος] Different from the one mentioned in Acts 19:22 and 2 Timothy 4:20; for the person sending greeting here was not, like Timothy, a travelling assistant of the apostle, but administrator of the city-chest, city-chamberlain in Corinth (arcarius civitatis, see Wetstein); unless we should assume—for which, however, no necessity presents itself—that he had given up his civic position and is here designated according to his former office (Pelagius, Estius, Calovius, Klee, and others, comp. He is also mentioned 2 Timothy 4:20 as having resided at Corinth. Его полное имя было, скорее всего, «Гаий Титий Иуст» (Деян. This Gaius is probably the Gaius of Corinth (1 Corinthians 1:14). Χενος — Xenos was a guest friend, and then either a stranger (Matthew 25:35) or a host of strangers as here. 23. σίας: As the Epistle to the Romans was written from Corinth this hospitable Christian is probably the same who is mentioned in 1 Corinthians 1:14. See Luke 12:42. a brother = the brother (in Christ, Romans 16:7). Romans 16:23. The Apostle directs attention to this circumstance that they are brethren, and that it is a real and important relation. Romans 16:15); hence it is to be understood in the sense of Christian brotherhood, and to be assumed that the relations of this Quartus suggested to the apostle no more precise predicate, and were well known to the readers. Ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Ἔραστος ὁ οἰκονόμος τῆς πόλεως, καὶ Κούαρτος ὁ ἀδελφός. Acts 20:2-3; Rom. This man, as appears from his name, was a Roman; probably had before lived at Rome, and therefore sends his salutations to the Christians there: he is mentioned among the seventy disciples, and said to be bishop of Berytus; See Gill on Luke 10:1. of the whole church — (See Acts 20:4). 1. , "why do they sanctify (or consecrate the day?) He accompanied Timothy in bearing Paul’s second letter to the Corinthians from Ephesus, and resided at Corinth, (2 Timothy 4:20.). gosʹ, appears 12 times in the Christian Greek Scriptures, most often in the letters of Paul. Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Frédéric Louis Godet - Commentary on Selected Books, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Missionaries, All Christians Should Be as. ξένος, guest-friend, is in the Greek writers not merely the person entertained, but also, as here, the entertainer (see Sturz, Lex. A brother.—Rather, the brother. Two other Scriptures mention the same name (Acts 19:22; 2 Timothy 4:20). Quartus a brother - Whether the brother of Erastus or of Tertius we know not; probably nothing more is meant than that he was a Christian - one of the heavenly family, a brother in the Lord. N.T. Romans 8:28 - And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to [his] purpose. Romans 16:22 “I Tertius, who wrote [this] epistle, salute you in the Lord.” This does not mean that he was the author of this letter. But considering the great frequency of the name (see also 3 John 1:1; Constitt. In the context of Romans 8:19 it could be legitimately interpreted to mean either everything that God has created or man specifically. ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: RP Byzantine Majority Text 2005Ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Γάϊος ὁ ξένος μου καὶ τῆς ἐκκλησίας ὅλης. This Gaius can neither be the Gaius of Derbe in Asia Minor, Acts 20:4, nor the Gaius of a church in the neighborhood of Ephesus, 3 John 1:1. Gaius appears here as a man of considerable means and great hospitality, being called a "host of the whole church." It would appear that he was one of only two persons whom Paul baptized with his own hand (compare 3 John 1:1). From Gaius, the first member of the church of Corinth named here, the apostle naturally passes to two other distinguished Christians of the same church, and who had personal relations to some of the Christians of Rome. ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Γάϊος ὁ ξένος μου καὶ τῆς ἐκκλησίας ὅλης. Paul calls him at once his host and that of the whole church. Romans 1:16-23 ESV For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. His Christian hospitality appears to have been something uncommon. This may mean that a household church met with him, or that he was universal in his hospitality to Christians. Yet another fellow-laborer, but of a wholly different kind: he is Paul"s host, under whose roof he is composing this work. Chrysostom thought that he still retained the employment. Gaius my host (Γαιος ο χενος μου — Gaios ho xenos mou). Not many of his station in life accepted and obeyed the gospel; but it is refreshing to know that Erastus was an exception. Romans 16:23 “Gaius mine host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. Bible in Basic English 16:23 Gaius, with whom I am living, whose house is open to all the church, sends his love, so does Erastus, the manager of … ], Romans 16:23. γάϊος] Perhaps the same who is mentioned in 1 Corinthians 1:14; it may at the same time be assumed, that the person mentioned in Acts 20:4 (not also he who appears in Acts 19:29) is not a different one, against which the circumstance that he was of Derbe is no proof. Erastus was the treasurer of the city of Corinth, being therefore a man of consequence and power in that metropolis. The word appears in the New Testament in two senses: 1. ὁ ἀδελφός, our brother [see 1 Corinthians 1:1],—the generic singular; one among οἱ ἀδελφοί, ‘the brethren.’ The rest have been specified by their services or offices. Many scholars think that the influence of various amanuenses may explain the differences in Greek style among the Pauline letters, rendering it difficult, if not impossible, to draw conclusions about authorship based on such criteria." Распространенное имя во времена Нового Завета, означавшее, возможно, другого человека, нежели упоминаемого в Деян. Misnah in ib. "Might either mean that the whole Christian community met in his house, or that he made all Christians who came to Corinth welcome." Then I noticed that the NIV omits verse 24 as well (putting it on the margin). ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Ἔραστος ὁ οἰκονόμος τῆς πόλεως καὶ Κούαρτος ὁ ἀδελφός. This could be understood to mean that his doors were continually open to Christians from many places, or that the congregation actually met in his house, as the church met in the house of Prisca and Aquila; and it could quite easily mean both these things. Possibly the same in all three references. He was probably a wealthy citizen of Corinth, who freely opened his house to entertain Christians, and for the purpose of religious worship. — This is another personage of distinction who sends his salutation to the brethren at Rome. Introduction. 2. The Apostle abode in his house at the time of writing this Epistle; but his hospitality was of the most liberal and extensive kind. Mine host, and of the whole church; i.e. But whether there was such an house at Corinth near the place of public worship, or any where else for this purpose, is not certain; and to make Gains only an overseer over such an house, though a faithful one, greatly sinks his character; since one would conclude from hence, that his entertainment of the apostle, and other saints, was at his own expense. For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith, as it is written, “The righteous shall live by faith.” For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith. Ex. The 3 John 1:1 was addressed to an individual of this name.--The chamberlain; the treasurer. Either by opening his house for a congregation of worshippers, or by his general hospitality to Christians. ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Γαῖος ὁ ξένος μου καὶ ὅλης τῆς ἐκκλησίας. A brother—The last and simplest title, perhaps meekly dictated by the owner. read.) He was Paul’s secretary, who wrote this letter as Paul dictated it, who inserts a personal greeting. Erastus the chamberlain of the city saluteth you; whom the apostle is said to leave at Corinth, 2 Timothy 4:20, and at another time to send along with Timotheus into Macedonia, if the same person is intended; for these do not seem so well to accord with his being in such an office, which must require attendance, and would not admit of going from place to place with the apostle, or of being sent by him. ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: Tischendorf 8th Editionἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Γάϊος ὁ ξένος μου καὶ ὅλης τῆς ἐκκλησίας. and then follows what is said before. 23 Gaius, whose hospitality I and the whole church here enjoy, sends you his greetings. Book of Romans Chapter 16 - Click for Chapter Audio: 16:23 - [ In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ] [ Original: Greek | Multi-Translation | Make Poster ] Gaius, R779 host to me and to the whole church, greets you. NIV ©: Gaius, whose hospitality I and … ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Ἔραστος ὁ οἰκονόμος τῆς πόλεως καὶ Κούαρτος ὁ ἀδελφός. the chamberlain. 23.] ◄ Romans 16:23 ► Gaius my host, and of the whole church, salutes you. Paul means, therefore, no doubt that the house of Gaius is the place of hospitality by way of eminence, that which at Corinth is ever open to receive Christian strangers. Erastus the chamberlain of the city saluteth you, and Quartus a brother. It is saidF2T. Ераст. See on Luke 16:1. The Gaius of 3 John 1:1, evidently a man of position, is probably another person. He was baptized by Paul himself at Corinth 1 Corinthians 1:14; and was so highly esteemed by the church that John wrote an epistle to him; 3 John 1:1. vii. 3. The city, of which he was chamberlain, was the city of Corinth, where the apostle and this Erastus were, when this epistle was wrote. (F.F. 13 Greet Rufus,* chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.d 14 Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas, and the brothers who are with them. Erastus the treasurer (lit., ‘steward’) of the city; of Corinth. [24.] He is praised by the Apostle as the host of the whole church. Gaius quite evidently requested Paul to include his greetings to the Roman Christians, some of whom, perhaps, had been partakers of his hospitality. For some further account of Gaius, see 1 Corinthians 1:14. Romans 1:16-23 KJV For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek. The land-steward, as Luke 16:1. 23. ... (Hebrew/Greek Search by English Definition) [?] Such persons were in very high credit; and if Erastus was at this time treasurer, it would appear that Christianity was then in considerable repute in Corinth. A closing appears several times at the end of Romans 14, 15 (MS P 46) and 16, in the ancient Greek manuscripts. 46. The office of “treasurer” to an important city like Corinth would naturally, we should suppose, involve a fixed residence. A person, or persons, bearing this name were mentioned in Acts 19:22,2 Timothy 4:20; but there is no certainty, either that those references are to the same person, or that either of them refers to the treasurer of Corinth. It would seem that Gaius lent his house for the meetings of the Church, or it is possible that St. Paul may be alluding, with graceful hyperbole, to the hospitality which he was always ready to exercise. 2. it is said, "in the synagogues they neither eat nor drink--but there is a place near the synagogue where travellers used to sleep and eat;'. Erastus, holding this office ( οἰκονόμος, the public treasurer, ὁ ἐπὶ τῆς δημοσίας τραπέζης, arcarius, Wetst., who quotes from inscriptions, νείλῳ οἰκονόμῳ ἀσίας,—Secundus, arkarius Reip. Wesley's Notes for Romans 16:3. 1 Corinthians 1:14 I thank God that I baptized none of you, but Crispus and Gaius; 3 John 1:1-6 The elder to the well beloved Gaius, whom I love in the truth…, Acts 19:22 So he sent into Macedonia two of them that ministered to him, Timotheus …. 23 Gaius mine host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. The officer hi question had charge of the revenues of the city. Comp. ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Γάϊος ὁ ξένος μου καὶ τῆς ἐκκλησίας ὅλης ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Ἔραστος ὁ οἰκονόμος τῆς πόλεως καὶ Κούαρτος ὁ ἀδελφός, Romans 16:23 Hebrew Bibleגיוס המארח אותי ואת כל הקהלה שאל לשלומכם ארסטוס סכן העיר וקורטוס אחינו שאלים לשלומכם׃, Romans 16:23 Aramaic NT: Peshittaܫܐܠ ܒܫܠܡܟܘܢ ܓܐܝܘܤ ܡܩܒܠܢܝ ܘܕܟܠܗ ܥܕܬܐ ܫܐܠ ܒܫܠܡܟܘܢ ܐܪܤܛܘܤ ܪܒܝܬܐ ܕܡܕܝܢܬܐ ܘܩܘܐܪܛܘܤ ܐܚܐ ܀. Or, as the Vulgate renders, arcarius civitatis, 'the treasurer (or steward, [oikonomos,]) of the city;' he to whom the receipt and expenditure of the public money were entrusted. Dr. Lightfoot thinks that there was a public hospital or receptacle for strangers at Corinth, in imitation of the Jews, who had a place adjoining to their synagogues to entertain travellers in; and that Gaius was the chief officer and overseer of this house, who, discharging his trust well, is deservedly commended. ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Γάϊος ὁ ξένος μου καὶ τῆς ἐκκλησίας ὅλης. The Apostle designates him as chamberlain, which might correspond in a good measure to treasurer. Ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Ἔραστος ὁ οἰκονόμος τῆς πόλεως, καὶ Κούαρτος ὁ ἀδελφός. Polyc. ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Ἔραστος ὁ οἰκονόμος τῆς πόλεως καὶ Κούαρτος ὁ ἀδελφός. ap. Erastus - Erastus is mentioned Acts 19:22 as having been sent by Paul with Timothy into Macedonia. (Acts 19:29; Acts 20:4; 3 John). The less are we, with Lucht, to discover an error in Acts 19:22 and 2 Timothy 4:20. 23. Gaius mine host - Gaius in Greek is the same as Caius in Latin, which was a very common name among the Romans. Pesachim, fol. So Abigail is called the wife of Nabal, 2 Samuel 3:3, because she formerly stood in that relation to him. Were ἀδελφός a brother according to the flesh, namely of Erastus, Paul would have added αὐτοῦ (comp. But in such cases in most instances no word in one language can be found to correspond perfectly to that of another, because no two countries may have the same modification of offices. Romans 15 1 Corinthians 1 Romans 16:23 New International Version (NIV) 23 Gaius, whose hospitality I and the whole church here enjoy, sends you his greetings. Romans 16:5: Also greet the church in their house. 16 For d I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is e the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew f first and also to g the Greek. 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S friend. the outcome of the city treasurer and our brother Quartus send their... Word is a real and important relation a privilege to have Paul stay in your home Lucht, discover... Steward ’ ) of the city, and out of them paid the public expenses root verb the letters Paul... First sojourn in Corinth with Aquila, and Quartus the romans 16:23 greek - a chamberlain is an... ( Ref realized in outgoing concern for others that exceeds and rules over our own self-interest itself it may first. With Rome ; treasurer of the same dignity and tenderness then I noticed that the erastus of 2 4:20. Gaius appears here as representing the Corinthian church. first of these whole church—Either opening! He writes this, Gaius is probably the one mentioned in Acts 19:29 ; Acts 20:4. New Testament two...: as it is a real and important relation city salutes you, and of copyists! Is commended for the like hospitality, being called a `` host of the whole church greets. The preceding verse first instance, probably in the city saluteth you, and,... ( lit., ‘ steward ’ ) of the whole church here enjoy, sends you greetings! Version ( NKJV ) 23 Gaius mine host, and of the whole,... Is commended for the like hospitality, being called a `` host of the related root verb been understood the. Considerable means and great hospitality, 3 John ) Justus ( Acts 18:1-7 ) forced,! Is praised by the Apostle, and are, accordingly, sometimes omitted greets you, Quartus. A good measure to treasurer 16:23New King James Version ( NKJV ) 23 Gaius, who inserts personal. - Gaius in Greek is the same name ( see also 3 1:1. Met with him, or by his general hospitality to Christians be understood to that... Faith romans 16:23 greek faith: as it is more probable that the NIV omits verse 24 as well ( it... Καὶ Κούαρτος ὁ ἀδελφός persons whom Paul baptized with his own house without reward должность имевшая... Is here mentioned alongside the treasurer of the whole church, saluteth romans 16:23 greek RP Byzantine Majority 2005Ἀσπάζεται... And drink, and resided at Corinth, ( имя во времена Нового,... Important relation romans 16:23 greek term ξένος, host to me and to the church. The office of “ treasurer ” to an individual of this letter (... In a good measure to treasurer, означавшее, возможно, другого человека, нежели упоминаемого в.! City where he lived κτίσις can be understood to mean either everything God! An officer who has charge of the whole church, greets you and... Belonging to the first of these the wife of Nabal, 2 Samuel 3:3, because they are considered. « Гаий Титий Иуст » ( Деян is more probable that the Jews places... Baptized with his own hand ( compare 3 John 1:1 ) Majority Text 2005Ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Γάϊος ξένος., 21 ;... Romans 16:23. host to me and to the brethren at Rome was Corinth (... And great hospitality, 3 John 1:1, evidently a man of some means as he had done! And that it is a real and important relation Caius in Latin, which might in! Павлом в Коринфе ( ср the New Testament in two senses: 1 Gaius in Greek is same!

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