Get statistics from the 2018 Census, information about how we produce it, and our strategy for collection and outputs. Note that lists of level 3 and level 4 codes can be found in Ethnicity Data Protocols for the Health and Disability Sector . With the support of Loomio, they engaged in social media and online marketing and managed to recruit a much wider audience. should there be a third gender option, and topics relating to smoking, drug use, and religion. In particular, the 1996 Census ethnicity question encouraged multiple ethnic affiliations in comparison to the 1991 Census question. People in Mozambique were counted by race only in 1894, 1970, 1997, 2007, and 2017. Stats NZ developed a public engagement initiative that included online engagement, offline workshops, and a formal submissions process of census questions, followed by two years of testing potential questions. In addition, Stats NZ presented summaries of the topics online, as well as the reasoning behind its preliminary judgements on what future questions should look like and summaries of the online conversations over the course of the public engagement process.Â. Information from the official census helps determine how billions of dollars of government funding are spent across the country. [2][10] Social activist Aych McArdle commented: “If you don't count someone, you're almost saying they don't count”, and observed the importance of collecting this information for providing health and education services. [3]Â, The 2018 Census has also been criticised for its failure to include Pākehā as an ethnic identity option, any questions on sexual orientation, and any questions that capture non-binary gender identity. When visiting an individual discussion subtopic, participants could read a summary of the issue, preliminary recommendations produced by Stats NZ on changes to the questions, and a summary of key points and suggestions emerging from the public discussions. Statistics New Zealand (Tatauranga Aotearoa) is New Zealand's official data agency, a government department, but one that operates independently of government to gather data on a wide range of topics. According to the census, Indian is an ethnicity, regardless of whether the Indian person was born in NZ, India, or elsewhere. The New Zealand Census of Population and Dwellings was due to take place in 2018, five years after it was last held in 2013. When responding, you were asked to record the race of each person living in your home on April 1, 2020. Information in censuses may include residences, ages, birthplaces, family members and relationships, occupations, emigration dates and migration. Statistics about ethnicity give information by the ethnic groups that people identify with or feel they belong to. However, questions remain over what this shift represents theoretically and practically in terms of the key functions for which ethnicity data is collected, including the measurement and monitoring ... New Zealand’s … The Loomio team therefore provided support in summarising and adapting this material to ensure it was accessible and engaging. [8] The data has been delayed in part due to a low response rate, falling from 94.5 to 90 percent. Inadequate operational resourcing and staffing levels have been blamed for the low completion rate. Find information by the ethnic groups that people identify with or feel they belong to. Many participants had argued that collecting census information on LGBTQ+ minority populations would enable improved funding and policy decisions, particularly in healthcare. They are taken primarily for population studies, taxation, and military purposes. When asked how they responded to the ethnicity question in the 2006 Census, most claimed to respond in the manner expected by Statistics New Zealand. For the 2006 census, respondents were allowed to complete all questions in either English or Māori. However, strictly speaking, New Zealander is a nationality not an ethnicity. However, this strategy had very limited success. Morocco enumerated people by ethnicity in 1950 and 1971. It will also examine issues that arise in monitoring Māori health and [3], During the initial stages, three broad stakeholder groups were identified: government, users (for example, corporations that were interested in demographics change), and the general public. [3] This could have significant impact on representation and resources for Māori, especially for small iwi. 2009-12-15T16:36:15+13:00 [7]Â, Stats NZ reported being very satisfied with the project and its capacity to access hard-to-reach groups and engage a much wider group of people than through traditional methods. These included questions about technology, e.g. 1 0 obj <> endobj 121 0 obj <>/Font<>>>/Fields[]>> endobj 2 0 obj <>stream The questions covered a wide range of issues, of which the Stats NZ team had only partial direct experience, so they recognised the value of public input and of engaging a diversity of groups in the process of reworking questions. How this data is classified. 2. It is also used by councils, community groups, iwi (Māori tribes or collectives) and businesses to plan for the future, and it helps the government make decisions about which services are needed and which locations should be prioritised. Many changes were not prompted specifically by public engagement, but rather by other considerations and at other stages of the testing process. According to an internal assessment, Stats NZ and Loomio worked together to ensure the participants were well informed, and material about the subject matter and purpose of the project was clear, accessible and based on strong evidence. A analysis of statistical … Specifically, it wanted to engage a larger and more diverse public than it expected to achieve through traditional offline processes. Our commitment to Diversity, Equity & Inclusion. [3] Matthew Tukaki, Māori Council spokesperson has been quoted as saying that “this is a disgrace because the data runs the risk of telling a story that is neither accurate nor true. [9], In this sense, although the process was more open and inclusive than previous approaches, there were limitations to stakeholder engagement. It appears that the response rate is largely dependent on publicity around this topic. [3] The release of the results has been delayed three times, and they are expected to be released in September 2019. Following the public engagement process, Stats NZ carried out survey development work and testing, including cognitive testing of questions (cognitive tests are used to understand how respondents interpret questions and instructions), mass completion tests, and two large-scale pilots of the census. By 1976 the census form had been altered to give categories for 'full NZ Maori' and fractions of Māori ethnicity such as '1/8 Maori'. Statistics NZ therefore decided that their question on ethnicity will be included with no change [that is, it retained the terminology of ‘New Zealand European'].”[6], On 6 March 2018, the government census was carried out. To get a more complete picture of Far North District's cultural and ethnic characteristics Ethnicity data should be viewed in conjunction with Maori Descent, Birthplace, Year of Arrival, Language Spoken and Religion data.. The process was piloted within the Stats NZ team before the public engagement process began. ethnicity question in the 2006 Population Census, ... public discussion and attention at the time of the 2006 Census. However, data on ethnicity is usually output for the census usually resident subject population. Whangarei District Council Community profile. The format is to remain the same and the font size and dimensions must not be reduced. [1] Despite this, the eventual census has been criticised for its “digital first” approach to data gathering, its failure to include a Pākehā ethnic category, its questions on sexual orientation, the absence of a non-binary gender option, its low completion rates, and the delays in publishing results. Think what could happen if governments shared power to create positive outcomes for people? Getting immigration statistics You can get our statistics in 2 ways: The discussions were organised around key themes and divided into the following 12 topic areas, Each topic area was further divided into individual discussion subtopics: for example, “Ethnicity, culture and identity” included 11 discussion subtopics, such as ethnicity, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, and gender identity. [5], Stats NZ appointed a project manager to oversee and administer the process of public engagement, and one interviewee involved in the delivery of the project described how they employed younger and more tech-savvy people to support them. An examination of the questions in recent New Zealand censuses shows that there has been some confusion as to whether nationality comprises a valid ethnic group. Mozambique. … Furthermore, much of the information that government documentation and Stats NZ provided regarding their decision-making was written in dense prose, often inaccessible to the public. The New Zealand Census of Population and Dwellings was due to take place in 2018, five years after it was last held in 2013. The 2018 Census was held on 6 March 2018. PScript5.dll Version 5.2.2 The standard ethnicity question for the health and disability sector is the Statistics New Zealand 2001 Census ethnicity question (see Section 3.3). uuid:140be5fd-44ed-234a-9f4d-ee935cfbd6f8 © 2020 Centre For Public Impact, Inc. All rights reserved. endstream endobj 3 0 obj <> endobj 7 0 obj <> endobj 103 0 obj <> endobj 8 0 obj <> endobj 120 0 obj <> endobj 102 0 obj <> endobj 77 0 obj <> endobj 79 0 obj <>stream %PDF-1.6 %���� For a fuller discussion of ethnicity data in the population census over time see, for example, Brown 1983, Statistics New Zealand 1999, or the accompanying discussion paper ‘The politics and practice of counting’ (Cormack 2010) (available on the website www.ethnicity.maori.nz). The indicators used for each NZDep may change from Census to Census. Susan Riddle from Stats NZ observed that through Loomio they were able to “reach people who wouldn't have otherwise contributed to the conversation, including marginalised populations and youth”. An Auckland man is pushing for the term Pākehā to be included as an ethnicity option in the census form. [10], An individual from Loomio reported that political commitment was high for the public engagement process, and that -  despite the project's limited funding - those members of Stats NZ who were involved in the project displayed strong commitment by their willingness to try new things and by their responsiveness to Loomio's guidance. In addition to engaging the three broad stakeholders, Stats NZ also used mailing lists and social media to engage groups particularly affected by decisions on whether to include specific questions, for example on sexual orientation, religious affiliation, ethnicity, and Māori descent. Since the introduction of the ethnic group question in the 1991 census, a growing share of the New Zealand population has reported belonging to … Māori respondents were asked to identify whether they were 'Maori' or 'Maori half-caste'. The 2020 Census asked a series of questions about you and each person who lives with you. Ethnicity should be collected using the standard ethnicity question that is used in the NZ Census and most official datasets.17 Failure to use the standard question introduces uncertainty into the research analysis and impacts on the comparability of data.16. People were counted by language in all censuses … It was a “digital first” census with citizens primarily expected to use the internet to answer the questions. [10], The delivery of the 2018 census has also been criticised on other counts, with news reports highlighting problems of operational resourcing and subsequently low completion rates. [1] While the use of a digital platform to perform public engagement reduced some barriers and enabled a larger and more diverse group of participants to be recruited than traditional town hall methods, it should be noted that the project recruited only 260 people, and the online method introduces its own barriers via a digital divide that typically excludes older people and those with limited access to the internet. One report quotes an expert as saying that Māori risk losing an electoral seat and more than 20 new iwi will not be counted correctly, due to unreliable census data. This involved taking small pieces of content, typically concerning controversial issues, and placing them in various social media channels that would then draw people on to their site. [11] Arnold believes that large groups which might have had significant numbers of people missed out include people aged in their teens and early 20s, Māori and Pacific Islanders, and the elderly. “The ‘New Zealander' responses decreased from 10.9 percent to 1.6 percent between the 2006 and 2013 censuses. A retrospective analysis conducted by Stats NZ observed that having two members of the Stats NZ team as a dedicated resource was a particular strength of the project.[5]. Northern Ireland. The standard ethnicity question for the health and disability sector is the Stats NZ 2013 Census ethnicity question. One interviewee observed that much time was dedicated to developing the skills of those involved in delivering the project and building capacity in relation to public engagement, and this was regarded as one of the project's more successful elements.Â, The analysis of the project identified a number of strengths in relation to the project management, including a clear structure and setup, and a flexibility within the system to adapt to challenges and improve the approach to public engagement. Among census-taking nations, New Zealand is one of a small number that explicitly allows for identification with multiple ethnic groups (Kukutai and Thompson 2007, Morning 2008). Furthermore, the success of the project in engaging the public through digital methods was seen to have had “flow-on effects” with other organisations. In particular, there were problems in collecting data on the Māori population due to the primarily online execution of the census, which may have significant adverse effects on the representation of Māori and on resources for small and vulnerable groups. ‘Subject population’ means the people, families, households, or dwellings to whom the variable applies. The agency's retrospective analysis observes that one of the project's strengths was that it created a “real buzz that the government was willing to engage in this way” and that the “gender diversity community (sic) were still talking about the project after the process”. In its final report, Stats NZ acknowledged the input from the public and provided an account of why they did not implement these recommendations. Others commented on the difference between national identity and ethnicity, and the value of the ethnicity data. The term ‘national identity’ was less clear-cut for some participants. 2023 Census to include questions about sexual orientation and gender identity ... report found New Zealand's rainbow communities ... same way poverty or ethnicity was, the report found. The discussions on Loomio were facilitated by members of Stats NZ. [2] [10] New Zealand's minister of statistics, James Shaw, said that it was too late to change the questions, but he would push to include questions on gender identity and sexual orientation in the 2023 census. He further highlighted other ways of collecting data in the meantime, explaining that “we've got to gather this data because we make significant healthcare funding decisions and other public policy decisions in relation to this community, and we don't have granular enough information at the moment”. Information collected from a census question on gender identity would not enable us to output any population estimates on the populations of interest. [5]Â, Nevertheless, there has subsequently been a sense of disappointment and some harsh criticism of the decision not to accept the results of the public engagement process and gather information on either sexual orientation or gender identity in the 2018 census. … After the initiative finished, Stats NZ investigated whether the information emerging from the public engagement process could have been acquired from other data sources. Participants were informed that the discussions would be considered as an input to the final decision-making process, and 260 people participated in these discussions.Â. H��W]oܸ}7����Bf�ԧ�Hlo�A�L�)4)e���K^Ic�?�����ԇ�{Iɚ��}(�X�H$/�=�������˗/.N�OE(^�zsz�o���i��̏^��R )��G2B��Ba�d�4�A�Z�o�Bq����y8�?�; ���4�3�7���\m �b�0�h���������iH�jN��;���6�\@Q����l9���fy�%a4,�xQO)��l~�ˑ�8�:r�G"h�0�Dc�>���f��|�x�6f����a!]��Ɠ�@����? The Censuses in Scotland and Northern Ireland use different ethnicity classifications. There were also major changes to questions in the following subtopic areas: The main topic areas where changes to questions had been considered but, in the end, were not included were: The decision made by Stats NZ to exclude questions on sexual orientation and gender identity was a particularly contentious one, as it went against the findings of the public engagement process. The 2014 census enumerated people by nationality. should people still be asked whether they use fax machines, gender identity, e.g. (opens a new window) Community profile Social atlas Population forecast Prior to the 2006 census, Statistics New Zealand decided to discontinue the practice of coding New Zealander-type responses into the New Zealand European category and code them as a … It was felt, particularly by NGOs and researchers, that this information would be useful to inform funding and policy decisions of relevance to these population groups.Â, While Stats NZ conducted testing on questions around these issues, the final report commented with regard to the inclusion of questions regarding sexual orientation: “The results from the July 2016 test indicated that there would likely be some issues in producing high-quality data for this topic. 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