For more information about Western Pennsylvania Saline and Brine Water Chemistry related to Oil and Gas Development. the Latest News & Information, Order Your Copy of the PA Water Quality Guide. Barium compounds that do not dissolve well in water are not generally harmful and are often used by doctors for medical purposes. The Citizen Groundwater Database suggests that at least 5 % of private wells may be influence by saline water and these wells could have elevated levels of total dissolved solids, barium, strontium, chloride, gross alpha/beta, bromide, sodium, chloride, iron, manganese, and naturally occurring methane gas. Barium is not removed in any significant manner in near-shore areas. This could be supplied from submarine volcanic activity, the solution of biological debris falling through the water column or the solution of barium sulfate crystals in the sediments. It occurs combined with other chemicals, such as sulfur, carbon or oxygen. Professional Development Hours Courses It is critical that we work together as a Community to document, compile, and track the quality of our groundwater and surfacewater resources. They have become very popular and celebrity-fascination coupled wit… Barium was a detergent additive metal found in natural gas engine oils, but is no longer allowed in products manufactured in North America due to toxicity concerns. Water Testing Kits - Do It Yourself at Home ! The Water Quality Association is calling attention to the growing problem of counterfeit water filters by joining forces with the National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center (IPR Center). Work as a Community - Support the Citizen Groundwater Database - Northeastern Pennsylvania This is difficult to answer, but from a review of the data submitted by private well owners in Pennsylvania it would appear that the value is normally less than 2 mg/L with typical value of < 1 mg/L. Those barium compounds that dissolve well in water may cause harmful health effects in people. Barium can suggest the presence of industrial waste, mixing of natural saline and brine waters, salt water intrusion, and other sources. The health effects of the different barium compounds depend on how well the compound dissolves in water. Barium reacts quickly with water to form barium hydroxide, Ba(OH)2 and hydrogen gas, H2. Click here to open WQA's Technical Fact Sheet on Barium. For 25+ years, I have been suggesting well owners get there water tested, here are some options: Keystone Clean Water Team, Visit Our Online Blog- My 2 cents - Ok May be A Quarter Water Sampling Well-water samples generally were taken from household taps that were used frequently. Barium is a lustrous, machinable metal which exists in nature only in ores containing mixtures of elements. The only exception is when we drill private wells that are too deep or along or near fractured zones that are connected to the saline water. Sources of Barium. Click on the above button to report a counterfeit filter. City Water Testing - We have a kit for YOU. © 2021 Water Quality Association, All Rights Reserved, Pharmaceuticals, Personal Care Products and Endocrine Disrupting Compounds. LEAD. The nearest drilled Marcellus Shale Well was over 1 mile away in a separate watershed. The main deposits are in the deep-sea sediments, probably as barite, although all the various sources and paths of barium in the oceans are not yet clearly defined. If you are thinking that is an example of an adverse impact from the Marcellus Shale Development, this is not correct. Barium levels can also vary greatly in Canadian drinking water, depending on geological formations and anthropogenic activities surrounding the source water. (*New Sponsor). As an aside, barium is a soft silvery metallic alkaline earth element. MCLs are set as close to MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology and taking cost into consideration. Lisle, IL 60532-3696 USA, Tel: 630-505-0160 From 1987 to 1993, according to the Toxics Release Inventory barium compound releases to land and water totaled over 57 million lbs. Food and drinking water represent the main sources of exposure to barium for the general population; however, the available data indicate that contributions from these sources can be highly variable. This testing was part of a baseline predrilling water test at a time when there was no active or past drilling within this region and the area does not have any historic oil and gas development. Barium reacts with water to make barium hydroxide and hydrogen gas. Barium is sometimes found naturally in drinking water and food. Greases, though, continue to use barium in the form of a thickener system. Fax: 630-505-9637. Neighborhood Hazard Reports – Know Your H20 ? In 1974, Congress passed the Safe Drinking Water Act. There are areas in Pennsylvania were freshwater and private wells are naturally impacted by saline water. There are a number of contaminants that threaten the safety and quality of our nations drinking water, but none is more misunderstood than barium. It can also be found in oil and gas drilling muds, waste from coal fired power plants, jet fuels, and automotive paints. Barium oxidizes in air, reacts vigoroulsy with water … Why is Barium being regulated? Drinking water is defined as water intended for human consumption for drinking and cooking purposes from any source. MCLs are enforceable standards. In addition, barium can be found in landfill leachate, coal waste, paints, corrosion inhibitors, deicing products, and high octane fuels. Geologists You can monitor your general water quality at home using a home water screening test. Since the solubility of barium chloride is over 30,000 mg/L, the barium is typically removed using a co-precipitation process by the introduction of bases (High pH solutions or other salts that form a compound with a lower solubility, such as the reaction of barium with sulfate. All Rights Reserved. The primary sources of barium related to natural gas development would include saline water, flowback water, brine water, connate water (water trapped in the formation at the time the material was deposited), production water, and as an additive in drilling muds, i.e., barite, and natural deposits of halite (See Figure 2). However, calcium and magnesium may cause scaling of pipes. Exposure from air, consumer products or soil is expected to be negligible. Barium is a divalent cation and alkaline earth metal that can be found in naturally occurring mineral deposits. The weight of the barium prevents the oil to leak to the environment. Commercial Filtration Supply (Official Industrial Distributor) * Titled:  Carbon Waters.org, Online Training Courses Reverse Osmosis Treatment Systems The barium in these compounds that is dissolved in water quickly combines with sulfate or carbonate that are naturally found in water and become the longer lasting forms (barium sulfate and barium carbonate). 2.4 Analysis and treatment Architects Career Training Programs/ Work Force Development Barium exposure can happen through a number of channels including occupational exposure, groundwater contamination, environmental pollution, cigarette smoke, and even certain medical procedures. The abundance of barium is 0.0425% in the Earth's crust and 13 μg/L in sea water. What are considered safe levels of barium, beryllium, calcium, magnesium and strontium in ground water? Barium - Is regulated as a primary drinking water standard, because it is associated with a potential health concern. Groundwater, Watersheds PowerPoint Presentations, The Water Library - Pdf files on Water Issues & Topics, Keystone Clean Water Team Website Blog PSAs, Field Training & Workshops in Earth Science, OSHA Training More specifically, barium can be found in such things as (3, 4, 6, 8, 9): This substance doesn’t appear as a mineral, but can be prepared by heating barium … Currently, there are no health concerns associated with these chemicals. Newest Website - The MTBE Fact Sheet One well known example is Salt Springs in Susquehanna County. High concentrations of dissolved barium have been found in ground water from bedrock wells on the Seneca Nation of Indians Reservation on Cattaraugus Creek in southwestern New York. Covers issues related to water conservation, the sources of pollution, ensuring that private water supply systems produce safe drinking water and protecting the long-term quality of our water sources. Thank you! Ed2GO (Education to GO), Attn: Mr. Brian Oram, Professional Geologist (PG), © 2014-2020 Water Research Watershed Center. Barium is used to make dyes, fireworks, ceramics, electrical components, and glass, plus it is used as a component in drilling muds. These non-enforceable levels, based solely on possible health risks and exposure, are called Maximum Contaminant Level Goals. In partial fulfillment of that obligation we are proud to make this report available to YOU. “High concentrations of barium in drinking water are usually associated with low-pH water in contact with igneous rocks and manganese-rich sedimentary rocks.” Intake of barium from drinking water is not expected to occur through either skin contact or inhalation. Barium in water comes primarily from natural sources, although barium also enters the environment from industrial emissions and anthropogenic uses. This latter mechanism would require a supply of barium from some source to increase the barium concentration. b. The main deposits are located in Britain, Romania, and the former USSR. Barium. Homeowners Guide to Drinking Water Test and Testing- What do I test for? Water Testing Kits - Do It Yourself at Home ! Barium is a naturally occurring alkaline earth metal more commonly found in the Midwest or in brine water or fluids associated with oil and gas development. Barium also reacts very fast with acids to make a barium salt and hydrogen. What is the background level of  barium in PA's surfacewater and groundwater? This law requires EPA to determine safe levels of chemicals in drinking water which do or may cause health problems. Engineers - PDHs - Continuing Education, Sign Up to Receive In addition to natural sources, barium contamination of soil and groundwater may be related to barium ore mining, smelting of copper, natural gas and oil drilling, and manufacturing. Homeowners Guide to Drinking Water Test and Testing- What do I test for? Strontium has 16 known isotopes. Difficulties in breathing, increased blood pressure, changes in heart rhythm, stomach irritation, brain swelling, muscle weakness, and damage to the liver, kidney, heart, and spleen. Because of its high chemical reactivity, barium is never found in nature as a free element. Barium (Ba+2) can cause an increase in blood pressure,  gastrointestinal problems, muscle weakness, and affects the nervous and circulatory system. The following are the treatment systems that can be used to remove barium from water ion exchange, reverse osmosis, lime softening, and electrodialysis. Ii is very light and its density is half that of iron. Barium sprayed from the air lands in the water supplies and in the food supply. anthropogenic (human) sources for these chemicals. Production water, barium concentrations may be over 6000 mg/L. You wil see hydrogen bubles all around the metal and rising in water to escape it and move into air. Our FREE Newsletter for Barium sulfate (or sulphate) is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula Ba SO 4.It is a white crystalline solid that is odorless and insoluble in water.It occurs as the mineral barite, which is the main commercial source of barium and materials prepared from it. The Water Quality Association (WQA) is a not-for-profit international trade Thanks to the Citizens Groundwater Data - We found a private well in Susquehanna County that is reportedly 300 feet deep that produces water with a methane gas content of about 10 to 15 mg/L and barium content of 4 mg/L. In drinking water, barium content can also vary greatly, depending on the geological formations and the anthropogenic activities surrounding the source water. a. Informational Water Testing It has also been suggested cause kidney damage and cause problems with the nervous system. Barium Source of Barium Barium (Ba +2)is a naturally occurring alkaline earth metal found primarily in the Midwest.Traces of the element are found in surface and ground waters. Strontium is an alkaline earth metal that is found naturally in the minerals celestine and strontianite. Concentrations in 1982 were as high as 23.0 milligrams per liter , the highest found reported from any natural ground-water system in the world. Click here to access all of WQA's Technical Fact Sheets. Barium is released to water and soil in the discharge and disposal of drilling wastes, from the smelting of copper, and the manufacture of motor vehicle parts and accessories. Sustainability The primary source of barium in our drinking water is due to groundwater erosion of geological formations containing barium compounds; however, barium can also be introduced into groundwater due to any of the above-mentioned industrial processes. Research Interests, Funded Research & Applied Research, Tools for Environmental Professionals, Citizens, & Students, Watershed Monitoring, Research, Training, Lake and Watershed Studies, Citizen Monitoring, Volunteer Monitoring Programs, Environmental Topics - Infiltration, Permeability, Soil Science, Wellhead Protection, Another commercial source, far less important than baryte, is witherite, barium carbonate. association representing the residential, commercial and industrial water Therefore, it is likely that as the water is exposed to more sulfates in the environment the barium would precipitate out as barium sulfate. City Water Testing - We have a kit for YOU. 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Taken from household taps that were used frequently the health effects of the largest concern due to the environment sulfate.
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